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Cryptocurrency and the Informal Economy in Nigeria  – Snappy Exchange Blog

Cryptocurrency and the Informal Economy in Nigeria 

Cryptocurrency and the Informal Economy in Nigeria 

Cryptocurrency and the Informal Economy in Nigeria:  In recent years, cryptocurrency has become increasingly popular, and Nigeria is no exception. In this blog post, we will explore the implications of cryptocurrency for the informal economy in Nigeria, one of the largest and most active markets for digital assets in Africa. We’ll consider how cryptocurrency is being used by individuals and businesses, how it affects the existing economic structure, and what it could mean for the future of Nigerian commerce. Finally, we’ll discuss the potential for this technology to positively transform the country’s economy.

The informal economy in Nigeria and its significance

The informal economy in Nigeria plays a significant role in the country’s economic landscape. It encompasses a wide range of activities, from street vending and informal trading to artisanal work and household services. These informal sectors are a vital source of income for many Nigerians, particularly those who are unable to find formal employment opportunities. The informal economy contributes to poverty reduction and fosters entrepreneurship and innovation.

However, this informal economy also faces challenges, such as a lack of access to formal financial services and limited protection under the law. This is where cryptocurrency can make a difference. By providing an alternative form of digital currency, cryptocurrency enables individuals in the informal economy to conduct transactions securely and conveniently, without the need for traditional banking systems. This opens up new avenues for financial inclusion and economic empowerment for the Nigerian population.

Factors Driving Cryptocurrency Adoption in Nigeria

Cryptocurrency adoption in Nigeria is being driven by several key factors. Firstly, the high levels of smartphone penetration in the country have made it easier for Nigerians to access and use digital assets. With a smartphone and internet connection, individuals can easily download a cryptocurrency wallet and start transacting in digital currencies.

Secondly, the lack of access to traditional banking services has also contributed to the adoption of cryptocurrency. Many Nigerians, especially those in the informal economy, do not have access to basic banking services like bank accounts or credit cards. Cryptocurrency provides them with an alternative means of conducting financial transactions and storing value.

Additionally, the growing distrust in traditional financial systems has led Nigerians to seek out alternative options, and cryptocurrency provides that option. With the increasing number of cases of bank fraud and corruption, Nigerians are looking for a more secure and transparent way to store and transfer their wealth.

Lastly, the potential for high returns on cryptocurrency investments has attracted many Nigerians to the market. Cryptocurrency offers the possibility of significant profits in a relatively short period of time, which has made it an appealing investment opportunity for individuals in the informal economy looking to grow their wealth.

Read Also: Top 5 Nigerian Cryptocurrency Traders

Challenges and Risks of Cryptocurrency Use in the Informal Economy

While cryptocurrency offers numerous benefits for the informal economy in Nigeria, it is not without its challenges and risks. One of the major concerns is the volatility of cryptocurrency prices. The value of digital assets can fluctuate drastically within a short period, leading to potential losses for individuals and businesses who rely on these currencies.

Additionally, the lack of regulation in the cryptocurrency market exposes users to the risk of fraud and scams. Without proper safeguards, individuals in the informal economy may fall victim to Ponzi schemes or other fraudulent activities. Furthermore, the technological barriers associated with cryptocurrency use, such as the need for reliable internet access and technical knowledge, pose challenges for widespread adoption. It is important for users to understand these risks and take appropriate measures to protect themselves while engaging in cryptocurrency transactions.


Is cryptocurrency legal in Nigeria?

Yes, cryptocurrency is legal in Nigeria. In 2017, the Central Bank of Nigeria recognized cryptocurrency as a legitimate form of digital currency and acknowledged its potential to enhance economic growth. However, the government has also issued warnings about the risks associated with cryptocurrency investments and has advised individuals to exercise caution.

What are the most commonly used cryptocurrencies in Nigeria?

Bitcoin is the most commonly used cryptocurrency in Nigeria, followed by Ethereum and Ripple. These digital assets are widely accepted and can be used for various transactions, such as online purchases, remittances, and investment opportunities.

How can individuals in the informal economy access cryptocurrency?

To access cryptocurrency, individuals in the informal economy can download a cryptocurrency wallet app on their smartphones. This app allows them to store, send, and receive digital currencies. They can also buy and sell cryptocurrencies on peer-to-peer platforms or through cryptocurrency exchanges.

How can individuals protect themselves from fraud and scams?

To protect themselves from fraud and scams, individuals should be cautious when dealing with unfamiliar platforms or individuals offering unrealistic investment opportunities. It is important to conduct thorough research, verify the credibility of the platform or individual, and only invest or transact with reputable and regulated exchanges.

Is cryptocurrency taxable in Nigeria?

Yes, cryptocurrency transactions are subject to taxation in Nigeria. The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) considers cryptocurrency to be an asset and requires individuals and businesses to pay capital gains tax on any profits made from cryptocurrency investments or transactions.


Cryptocurrency has the potential to revolutionize the informal economy in Nigeria. By providing access to digital financial services, it empowers individuals and businesses in the informal sector to participate in the digital economy, opening up new avenues for economic growth and financial inclusion. However, the adoption of cryptocurrency also comes with challenges and risks, such as price volatility and the risk of fraud. It is important for users to exercise caution and take appropriate measures to protect themselves. Despite these challenges, the benefits of cryptocurrency in the informal economy cannot be overlooked. It has the potential to alleviate poverty, foster entrepreneurship, and drive economic development in Nigeria. As cryptocurrency continues to gain traction, we can expect to see a transformation in the economic landscape, paving the way for a more inclusive and prosperous future for all Nigerians.